Vom 26. bis 31. Juli 2015 findet in Rotterdam der 14. Internationaler Kongress zur Erforschung des 18. Jahrhunderts statt. Das Thema lautet “Opening Markets”. Die ÖGE 18 versammelt hier Vorschläge für Panels, zu denen sich Interessierte mit einem Vortrag bitte bei den genannten Verantwortlichen melden. Weiterführende Informationen finden sich auf der Kongresswebsite: http://www.openingmarkets.eu/
Im Rahmen des Forschungsprojektes „Erdteilallegorien im Barockzeitalter“ haben wir zwei Panels zu den Themen: Art and Commerce: Continent Allegories in the Baroque Age (I) & The Role of the Jesuit Order (II) organisiert.
The Panel refers to a current Research Project on “continent allegories” in Europe in the Baroque Age, 18th century. The continent allegories were a widespread iconographic instrument to represent the world and its parts in different contexts such as the court, the monastery, the village church, etc. Painting continent allegories was a well operating market on the background of the representation of the world. The panel aims to communicating the quantitative and qualitative approach as well as the networks figured out by artists, the church, the ruler, the public, a.s.o. One focus is how the world and its parts were represented iconographically, which traditions of seeing the world were behind, how did iconography of the continent allegories change in the 18th century, for instance under the influence of travel reports, discoveries (i.e. James Cook) or influent books such as Abbé Raynal.
- Chair: o. Univ.-Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schmale, University of Vienna, Department of History
- Dr. Josef Köstlbauer, University of Vienna, Department of History
- Dr. Britta Kägler, LMU, Munich, Department of Bavarian History
- MMag. Dipl.-Kffr. Marion Romberg, University of Vienna, Department of History
- Dr. Claudio Ferlan, Trento, Italian-German Historical Institute
- Dr. Haruka Oba, Kyoto University, Department of Western History
- Katrin Sterba M.A., University of Innsbruck, Department of history
- PD Dr. Christoph Nebgen, Bishopric of Mainz, Department of History of Christianity
Aus dem Programm des Weltkongresses:
Das Abstract zu meinem Vortrag:
Illud vero diligenter doceant episcopi… – Allegories of the four continents in the context of catholic teaching of laymen
The iconography of the four continents dates back to 16th and early 17th centuries, at a time when the European people were confronted with the foreignness of New Worlds in the scope of their discovery and conquest. At first used almost exclusively as an element of manorial decoration programs, it started to flourish in the 18th century. This involved a remarkable vertical transfer as the allegories of the four continents expanded from manors and palaces to village churches, especially so in the territories of southern Germany, Tyrol, and South Tyrol. The visual language of the elites infiltrates the province. Up till now interpretations of various interior programs neglected mostly the allegories because it seemed that the meaning and role of these allegories were clear: They represented the world. However, a closer look regarding their positioning as well as iconography and by placing them in a greater cultural, social, and political context on a macro- and microlevel provides new insights in their role of influencing public believes in the course of the fight against the reformation. Based on several examples from the diocese of Augsburg the presentation aims to scrutinize this iconography within sacred images as a tool to teaching laymen, as degreed by the Council of Trento in 1563. The focus lies on the special relationship of the clerical or noble principals, their mainly locally working artists and its rural audience in ordering, creating and examining this iconography.
Folien aus meiner PowerPoint.
Ein Bericht zu den Panels sowie bildliche Eindrücke findet sich auf dem Projektblog: https://erdteilallegorien.univie.ac.at/blog/rotterdam-panels/
Ergebnis der Panels war der 2016 publizierte Sammelband „The Language of Continent Allegories in Baroque Central Europe“.